Buildings are being networked not only internally but also externally with other properties. The building of the future will be able to optimize consumption and cut costs in a targeted way.
Buildings designed to be energy self-sufficient and to produce surplus energy. In the coming years, such passive and active homes will become standard and – in conjunction with smart grid energy – will redefine energy supply.
Building materials often contain harmful substances. The building of the future avoids the use of building materials that are harmful to health. More than that: Ideally, the materials used absorb hazardous substances.
In the face of climate change, attempts to reduce carbon emissions have been made in all fields in recent years. The construction and real estate sectors are of great significance here, as they are responsible for approximately 33 percent of emissions. Zero-emission operation over the entire life cycle is therefore a declared goal of Blue Buildings – one that can only be achieved by fully addressing all influencing factors.
As part of closed material cycles, the building of the future works on the Cradle to Cradle® principle. At the end of their service life, all materials are returned to the technical or biological cycle. As a result, the building of the future does not produce any waste – all materials are reprocessed or assimilated.
If a building's use changes, it must also adapt – quickly and without great effort. With Blue Buildings, principals and designers do not limit themselves to a particular use but keep future requirements in mind from the outset. These initial investments are outweighed by the economic benefits over the life cycle of the property.
New technologies and increasing globalisation are speeding up processes and changing working patterns in ever greater depth. If a company wants to be innovative and productive while remaining profitable, it is essential to optimise its work and production processes before considering a new building or the renovation of a building.
Before starting the design phase itself, it is essential to define the "product" and the precise course of the project. The definition of the objectives and the specifications provide a common direction for the designers, in line with the spirit of the project manager. In addition, the execution strategy and the organisation of the project are defined.
For a smooth construction, it is best to rely on a precise design. Building Information Modeling (BIM) methods can optimise conventional design processes. They allow for innovations that were previously unthinkable. They lead to production-oriented design and quality objectives. The design leads to an efficient construction phase, free of major defects and therefore more profitable.
Even with the use of BIM methods in the design phase, a project can still go awry, with inefficient processes holding up construction. Deadlines may not be met, costs may escalate and quality targets may not be met. This is where Lean Construction comes in. By coordinating design, logistics and construction processes, the result is production-oriented construction with a predictable outcome.
Although operation is the longest phase of a building's life cycle, it is often underestimated and even disconnected from its design and construction. The consequences can be significant, either because the building's operating costs are higher than expected, or because the building does not perform as it should. On the other hand, operation will be profitable if the contractor combines modular construction with standardised construction for greater continuity of the product between trades and sustainable quality, especially through the use of closed material circuits.
As a property ages, its owner is faced with a whole series of questions: what should I or can I do to keep my tenants or to attract new ones? How can I guarantee sufficient rents? If the building is for my own use, how can I increase its productivity and make it more attractive? Once a building has been constructed in accordance with the above elements, it is much easier to answer these questions. It is also much less expensive, even if it has to be dismantled.